Toxic effects of plastic on human health

Plastics contain many chemical and hazardous substances such as Bisphenol A (BPA), thalates, antiminitroxide, brominated flame retardants, and poly- fluorinated chemicals etc. which are a serious risk factor for human health and environment. Different human health problems like irritation in the eyes, vision failure, breathing difficulties, respiratory problems, liver dysfunction, cancers, skin diseases, lungs problems, headache, dizziness, birth effect, reproductive, cardiovascular, genotoxic, and gastrointestinal are caused by micro plastics being ingested by humans and animals.

Reusable water bottles, baby bottles, and the inner linings of food cans, all made by using BPA, which is known to leach  into food over time, particularly at elevated temperatures (Raloff 1999; Kang et al. 2003). Studies have indicated that food and drinks stored in such containers including those ubiquitous clear water bottles can contain a trace amount of Bi-sphenol A (BPA) that may interfere with the body’s natural hormonal messaging system. Food and inhalation are considered the main source of exposure to BPA in the human body (Wilson et al.,2007). The BPA is considered to be a hormone because it is the mimics of reproductive hormones ‘estrogen’. As found in various studies, BPA has been associated with a number of health problems such as ovarian chromosomal damage, decreased sperm production, rapid puberty, rapid changes in immune system, type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular disorder, obesity etc. Some studies have also claimed that BPA increases the risk of breast cancer, prostate cancer, pains, metabolic disorders, etc. (Proshad et al., 2017)

The chart produced by the Caribbean Environment Programme demonstrates how plastic micro particles affect the human body.